Image of a Toronto streetscape

Canada's Internet

Canadian Internet Exchange Points (IXPs)

Canadian Internet Exchanges (IXPs) allow ISPs and content providers with customers in Canada to “keep local traffic local" by reducing the need to exchange traffic in the US. The result is reduced latency and faster connectivity for Canadian networks and Internet users. In addition to improving performance, traffic exchanged at an IXP can help reduce transit costs.

An IXP is a facility where IP networks can interconnect directly and exchange Internet tra­ffic freely between their networks through mutual peering agreements. A single IX port can support multiple peering sessions, providing direct access to content, cloud applications, and network providers.

ISPs and enterprises can use IXPs to get low latency and low-cost access to content from providers such as Akamai, Google/YouTube and Microsoft.

Benefits of peering

  • Reduce transit costs – traffic exchanged at an IXP reduces average per-bit delivery costs.
  • Improve user experience – direct peering reduces latency and improves performance.
  • Keep traffic in Canada – In the absence of and IXP, a large percentage of Canadian traffic is exchanged in the U.S.
  • Expand control over routing – peering relationships and access to transit at an IXP expand traffic engineering options.


IXPs are an essential component of the Internet infrastructure in Canada and CIRA is committed to developing and supporting a strong national IXP fabric comprised of not-for-profit, participant-run exchanges. CIRA is a member at many of the Canadian IXPs.

  • Download the IXP factsheet with contacts for IXPs supported by CIRA.

A map of IXPs across Canada supported by CIRA